Types of diabetes – there are more than just three
Did you know that when it comes to diabetes there are more types than just type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes?
Some diabetes diagnoses don't fit into the usual mould, but the important thing to remember is that the condition still needs to be managed.
Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune condition that affects 10-15 per cent of all people living with diabetes in Australia. All other types of diabetes, including type 2 and gestational diabetes, make up the remaining 85-90 per cent of cases in Australia.
Other lesser known sub-types of diabetes mellitus include:
- MODY (Maturity-onset diabetes of the young): Diagnosed generally before the age of 25, is the result of a chromosomal mutation in a person's DNA affecting insulin production.
- LADA (Late-onset auto-immune diabetes in Adulthood): Similar to type 1 but diagnosed in adulthood.
- Direct injury to the pancreas-induced diabetes: This can be caused by trauma, pancreatitis, pancreatectomy, pancreatic carcinoma (cancer), hemochromatosis, cystic fibrosis and gall stones.
- Medication-induced diabetes: Can be caused by Corticosteroids and some anti-psychotic medications in particular.
- Genetic syndrome conditions-induced diabetes: Down syndrome and Turner syndrome.