Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune condition in which the immune system is activated to destroy the cells in the pancreas which produce insulin. We do not know what causes this auto-immune reaction, but we do know that it is not caused by poor diet and lack of activity. At this stage, nothing can be done to prevent or cure type 1 diabetes but scientists are working on finding a cure for the future.

Type 1 diabetes:

  • Occurs when the pancreas does not produce insulin
  • Represents 10–15 per cent of all cases of diabetes
  • Is one of the most common chronic childhood conditions
  • Onset is usually abrupt and symptoms are obvious
  • Symptoms can include excessive thirst and urination, unexplained weight loss, weakness and fatigue and blurred vision

Type 1 diabetes is managed with insulin injections several times a day or the use of an insulin pump. In the meantime you can live an enjoyable life by learning about the condition and effectively managing it. While your lifestyle choices didn’t cause type 1 diabetes, the choices you make now can minimise many of the complications associated with diabetes.

The following information is of a general nature only and should not be substituted for medical advice or used to alter medical therapy. It does not replace consultations with qualified healthcare professionals to meet your individual medical needs. 

In this Section

Pump Subsidy Now Available


The Type 1 Diabetes Insulin Pump Subsidy Program was established by Diabetes Australia and the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation following a commitment of $5.5 million by the Federal Government.

In 2010, the Federal Government announced that the means-tested insulin pump subsidies now range from 10% of the cost of the insulin pump (or $500, whichever is the greater) to 80% of the cost of the insulin pump.


For more information on eligibility for the insulin pump subsidy, or to apply for the subsidy, go to www.jdrf.org.au/pumps or call (02) 9966 0400.